Abbreviated title
Memoirs, relating to that change which happened in the Year 1710
JSA Identification Number
8_7_1
Teerink/Scouten Number
88
ESTC Number
T140268
Copy and its Location
ECCO BL, 633.f.15 or 97.c.15
Publisher and Printer
The works of Dr. Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick’s, Dublin. Volume XV. Collected and revised by Deane Swift, Esq; of Goodrich, in Herefordshire, Vol. xv., pp 1-42.
London, Johnston, William, 1765.

Commentary

Deane Swift’s text of the Memoirs was taken from the manuscript. When Faulkner came to print the text in his edition of the Works, he made the same changes that he made regularly in the 1735 Works: ‘hath’ for ‘has’, ‘until’ for ‘till’, ‘possesseth’ for ‘possesses’. That the changes were originally endorsed by Swift seems indisputable, but they don’t here make his text more desirable than Dean Swift’s, which is a better representation of what Swift wrote.

Deane Swift (1707-83) was doubly linked to Swift by family ties. His father, also Deane Swift, was Swift’s Cousin, the son of Godwin Swift, who had supported Swift’s education. He married Mary, the daughter of Martha Whiteway, also Swift’s cousin and one of the people who cared for him in later life. Deane Swift was on good terms with Swift in the 1730s (Swift praised him in a letter to Pope), and he later wrote An Essay upon the Life, Writings, and Character of Dr. Jonathan Swift (1755), an important biographical study. Mrs Whiteway inherited many of Swift’s manuscripts, and Deane Swift was able to draw on this collection when he revised Hawkesworth’s edition of Swift in 1765.

William Johnston (fl. 1748-73) was, according to Plomer, ‘One of the foremost booksellers and publishers in London. He boasted that his name was on three-quarters of the books in the trade as part-proprietor’.

References: The Prose Writings of Jonathan Swift, ed. Herbert Davis and others, 16 vols. (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1939-74), vol. viii, pp. 107-28, 210-14; Irvin Ehrenpreis, Swift: The Man, His Works, and the Age, 3 vols. (London: Methuen, 1962-83), vol. iii, pp. 108-9; A Dictionary of the Printer s and Booksellers . . . 1726 to 1775, ed. H. R. Plomer, G. H. Bushell, E. R. McC. Dix (Oxford: Oxford University Press for the Bibliographical Society, 1932).