Abbreviated title
City cries, instrumental and vocal: or, an examination of certain abuses, corruptions, and enormities, in London and Dublin
JSA Identification Number
10_16_1
Teerink/Scouten Number
718
ESTC Number
T81147
Copy and its Location
CUL , Williams 308 (1)
Publisher and Printer
An examination of certain abuses, corruptions, and enormities in the city of Dublin, Vol. , pp .
Dublin, Faulkner, George, 1732.

Commentary

There are two printings of this work in 1732. This one and one with the imprint ‘Dublin, Printed; London, Re-printed for J[ames]. Roberts, 1732.’ This one has no printer’s ornaments to assist identification. The London edition has a factotum that may be John Purser’s, working, as in ESTC T145270, for William Bowyer. These editions belong then with the complex exchange of copy between Faulkner and Bowyer in this period.

The printing is careful and the use of italics, for speech and emphasis, conscientious. The London and Dublin editions of 1732 differ in many small details, with the Dublin edition expanding some contractions. For the most part, however, they are line-for-line reprints of one another. This might not necessarily indicate they were done in the same shop (possibly with some type being used again), but it shows they were closely related.

Some readings in the ‘London’ edition are appropriate, for example a note explaining ‘Howth’, but the London edition also has an explanation that a reference to ‘another King’ is ‘Innuendo the Pretender’, and it has a final extra section. This section explains that ‘G.R. II’ on inn signs ‘plainly signifies George, King the Second; and not King George the Second’, renouncing the innkeeper’s allegiance to George II. My suspicion is that this was regarded as too dangerous to publish without the protection of making it a reprint with an innocent original.

The London text is the more exciting to read, but this Dublin one creates an important context for it.

George Faulkner (?1703-1775) was Swift’s most important publisher and editor. In his early years Swift tended to publish his major works through the London trade, but with the Drapier’s Letters (1724) Dublin publication became more important. Faulkner, who had worked for William Bowyer in London and was a polished printer, brought out the first collected edition of the Drapier’s Letters, as Fraud Detected, in 1725, and by 1732 was planning a subscription edition of Swift’s Works. The four volumes came out in 1735, and established Faulkner as Swift’s printer. Swift, at least to some extent, and his friends had collaborated in the edition. Faulkner continued to print Swift and to enlarge his edition, which by 1771 consisted of twenty volumes.

Faulkner did his best both to date Swift’s works and to elucidate them with footnotes. His pioneering work is of first importance both for Swift’s text and for explanatory notes. For further discussion of Faulkner, see the long note in the Gulliver’s Travels volume in the Cambridge Edition of the Works of Jonathan Swift, and Mary Pollard’s entry on him in her Dictionary.

References: The Prose Writings of Jonathan Swift, ed. Herbert Davis and others, 16 vols. (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1939-74), vol. xii, pp. 215-32, 343-5; Irvin Ehrenpreis, Swift: The Man, His Works, and the Age, 3 vols. (London: Methuen, 1962-83), vol. iii, pp. 779-90; Mary Pollard, A Dictionary of Members of the Dublin Book Trade 1550-1800 (London: The Bibliographical Society, 2000); Mary Pollard, ‘George Faulkner’, Swift Studies, 7 (1992), 79-96.